Short-Term Impact of a Teen Pregnancy-Prevention Intervention Implemented in Group Homes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Roy F. Oman, Sara K. Vesely, Jennifer Green, Janene Fluhr, Jean Williams

Purpose Youth living in group home settings are at significantly greater risk for sexual risk behaviors; however, there are no sexual health programs designed specifically for these youth. The study's purpose was to assess the effectiveness of a teen pregnancy-prevention program for youth living in group home foster care settings and other out-of-home placements. Methods The study design was a cluster randomized controlled trial involving youth (N = 1,037) recruited from 44 residential group homes located in California, Maryland, and Oklahoma. Within each state, youth (mean age = 16.2 years; 82% male; 37% Hispanic, 20% African-American, 20% white, and 17% multiracial) in half the group homes were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 40 clusters) and the other half were randomly assigned to a control group that offered “usual care” (n = 40 clusters). The intervention (i.e., Power Through Choices [PTC]) was a 10-session, age-appropriate, and medically accurate sexual health education program. Results Compared to the control group, youth in the PTC intervention showed significantly greater improvements (p <.05) from preintervention to postintervention in all three knowledge areas, one of two attitude areas, all three self-efficacy areas, and two of three behavioral intention areas. Conclusions This is the first published randomized controlled trial of a teen pregnancy-prevention program designed for youth living in foster care settings and other out-of-home placements. The numerous significant improvements in short-term outcomes are encouraging and provide preliminary evidence that the PTC program is an effective pregnancy-prevention program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)584-591
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

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Short-Term Impact of a Teen Pregnancy-Prevention Intervention Implemented in Group Homes. / Oman, Roy F.; Vesely, Sara K.; Green, Jennifer; Fluhr, Janene; Williams, Jean.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 59, No. 5, 01.11.2016, p. 584-591.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Oman, RF, Vesely, SK, Green, J, Fluhr, J & Williams, J 2016, 'Short-Term Impact of a Teen Pregnancy-Prevention Intervention Implemented in Group Homes' Journal of Adolescent Health, vol 59, no. 5, pp. 584-591. DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.07.002

APA

Oman, R. F., Vesely, S. K., Green, J., Fluhr, J., & Williams, J. (2016). Short-Term Impact of a Teen Pregnancy-Prevention Intervention Implemented in Group Homes. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(5), 584-591. DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.07.002

Vancouver

Oman RF, Vesely SK, Green J, Fluhr J, Williams J. Short-Term Impact of a Teen Pregnancy-Prevention Intervention Implemented in Group Homes. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2016 Nov 1;59(5):584-591. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.07.002

Author

Oman, Roy F.; Vesely, Sara K.; Green, Jennifer; Fluhr, Janene; Williams, Jean / Short-Term Impact of a Teen Pregnancy-Prevention Intervention Implemented in Group Homes.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 59, No. 5, 01.11.2016, p. 584-591.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

BibTeX

@article{6f6fb2a45e6b408783b7468d5d65b0c7,
title = "Short-Term Impact of a Teen Pregnancy-Prevention Intervention Implemented in Group Homes",
keywords = "Group homes, Intervention, Psychosocial change, Reproductive health, Sex education, Teen pregnancy prevention, Youth in foster care, Youth sexual risk behavior",
author = "Oman, {Roy F.} and Vesely, {Sara K.} and Jennifer Green and Janene Fluhr and Jean Williams",
year = "2016",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.07.002",
volume = "59",
pages = "584--591",
journal = "Journal of Adolescent Health",
issn = "1054-139X",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Short-Term Impact of a Teen Pregnancy-Prevention Intervention Implemented in Group Homes

AU - Oman,Roy F.

AU - Vesely,Sara K.

AU - Green,Jennifer

AU - Fluhr,Janene

AU - Williams,Jean

PY - 2016/11/1

Y1 - 2016/11/1

N2 - Purpose Youth living in group home settings are at significantly greater risk for sexual risk behaviors; however, there are no sexual health programs designed specifically for these youth. The study's purpose was to assess the effectiveness of a teen pregnancy-prevention program for youth living in group home foster care settings and other out-of-home placements. Methods The study design was a cluster randomized controlled trial involving youth (N = 1,037) recruited from 44 residential group homes located in California, Maryland, and Oklahoma. Within each state, youth (mean age = 16.2 years; 82% male; 37% Hispanic, 20% African-American, 20% white, and 17% multiracial) in half the group homes were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 40 clusters) and the other half were randomly assigned to a control group that offered “usual care” (n = 40 clusters). The intervention (i.e., Power Through Choices [PTC]) was a 10-session, age-appropriate, and medically accurate sexual health education program. Results Compared to the control group, youth in the PTC intervention showed significantly greater improvements (p <.05) from preintervention to postintervention in all three knowledge areas, one of two attitude areas, all three self-efficacy areas, and two of three behavioral intention areas. Conclusions This is the first published randomized controlled trial of a teen pregnancy-prevention program designed for youth living in foster care settings and other out-of-home placements. The numerous significant improvements in short-term outcomes are encouraging and provide preliminary evidence that the PTC program is an effective pregnancy-prevention program.

AB - Purpose Youth living in group home settings are at significantly greater risk for sexual risk behaviors; however, there are no sexual health programs designed specifically for these youth. The study's purpose was to assess the effectiveness of a teen pregnancy-prevention program for youth living in group home foster care settings and other out-of-home placements. Methods The study design was a cluster randomized controlled trial involving youth (N = 1,037) recruited from 44 residential group homes located in California, Maryland, and Oklahoma. Within each state, youth (mean age = 16.2 years; 82% male; 37% Hispanic, 20% African-American, 20% white, and 17% multiracial) in half the group homes were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 40 clusters) and the other half were randomly assigned to a control group that offered “usual care” (n = 40 clusters). The intervention (i.e., Power Through Choices [PTC]) was a 10-session, age-appropriate, and medically accurate sexual health education program. Results Compared to the control group, youth in the PTC intervention showed significantly greater improvements (p <.05) from preintervention to postintervention in all three knowledge areas, one of two attitude areas, all three self-efficacy areas, and two of three behavioral intention areas. Conclusions This is the first published randomized controlled trial of a teen pregnancy-prevention program designed for youth living in foster care settings and other out-of-home placements. The numerous significant improvements in short-term outcomes are encouraging and provide preliminary evidence that the PTC program is an effective pregnancy-prevention program.

KW - Group homes

KW - Intervention

KW - Psychosocial change

KW - Reproductive health

KW - Sex education

KW - Teen pregnancy prevention

KW - Youth in foster care

KW - Youth sexual risk behavior

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84994834931&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84994834931&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.07.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.07.002

M3 - Article

VL - 59

SP - 584

EP - 591

JO - Journal of Adolescent Health

T2 - Journal of Adolescent Health

JF - Journal of Adolescent Health

SN - 1054-139X

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 17467740