Development of A New Instrument to Identify Microbial Genome

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Rapid identification and tracing the origin of pathogenic bacteria are imperative in response to a bioterrorist attack or an infectious disease outbreak. Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) fingerprinting is frequently used for these tasks, particularly for tracing bacterium origins. However, the short fragment bands are lost in PFGE when extended separation times are used to resolve the long DNA molecules, thus reduce the detection specificity, because the lengths of the short fragments provide additional genotype information that could be critical to discriminate two similar genomes. Another drawback of PFGE is that the electrophoresis is too slow. In a rapid (24-hour) PFGE method the electrophoresis takes 14-18 hours. Additionally, the intra- and inter-laboratory reproducibility of
PFGE also needs to be improved. Although diverse approaches such as entropic traps and DNA prisms have been explored for DNA separations, none have thus far been practically utilized. We have recently discovered a new and efficient technique to resolve broad size ranges of DNA molecules. In this application we propose to construct a novel instrument to demonstrate the proof-of-principle of this new technique for high-speed and accurate microbial identification. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE (provided by applicant): We have recently discovered a new and efficient technique to resolve broad size ranges of DNA molecules. On the basis of this discovery and as a first step toward our ultimate goal of developing a system for fast microbial identification, we plan to construct a novel instrument to demonstrate the proof-of-principle of this new technique for high-speed and accurate microbial identification.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date8/1/127/31/15

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $179,030.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $185,463.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $185,580.00

Fingerprint

electrokinesis
DNA
gel
genome
bacterium
range size
infectious disease
genotype

Keywords

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)